The test of being unable to present one’s case concerns matters outside party’s control. Enforcement of a foreign award cannot be refused when the party chose not to avail the opportunity to present its case before the arbitral tribunal (Supreme Court of India)

     Update by Kushager Relhan , Prashant Mishra

Centrotrade Minerals & Metals Inc. v. Hindustan Copper Ltd., 2020 SCC OnLine SC 479 (“Centrotrade III”) Court: Supreme Court of India | Case Number: Civil Appeal No. 2562 of  | Citation: 2020 SCC OnLine SC 479 | Judges: RF Nariman, S Ravindra Bhat and V Ramasubramanian JJ | Date: 02

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Categories: “Otherwise unable to present his case” |  Conditions for enforcement of foreign awards |  Enforcement  |  Section 48 |  Section 48(1)(b)